Stems Cells; All You Need to Know about Them
Numerous advancements have been experienced in the medical field over the years. The technologies that have been invented are the reason behind the numerous advancements. Due to the numerous advancements made in the medical field, stem cell therapy has been deemed to have great promises in treating various diseases, and medical conditions. Stem cells have numerous differences from the regular cells. If you want to understand stem cells more, you need to research more about stem cells. The main categories of stem cells are two. The two types of stem cells are adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. Adult stem cells are the stem cells derived from living human beings. Embryonic stem cells are the stem cells that are derived from human embryos.
Even though adult stem cells cannot become all the cell types found in the human body, they are still as versatile as embryonic stem cells. The first uses of stem cells were umbilical cord and bone mallow transplantation. However, some scientists believed that adult stem cells are inferior to embryonic stem cells because adult stem cells cannot become all the cell types found in the human body. Scientists hope by reprogramming adult stem cells, they can make them capable of becoming any cell type in the human body. Induced pluripotent stem cells is the other name for reprogrammed adult stem cells.
All the stem cells found in the human body can be developed from induced pluripotent stem cells, just like in embryonic stem cells. Even though dividing to create every type of cell found in the human body is not within the capacity of adult stem cells, they available in plenty and have a low risk of immune system injection in patients. The embryo is mainly made up of only stem cells within the first four to five days after fertilization. Different types of cells form from the stem cells in the embryo. The pluripotency of the stem cells forming the embryo ends five or six days after fertilization.
The most common sources of perinatal stem cells are amniotic fluid and tissue, umbilical cord blood and tissue, and placental blood and tissue. The main ways of harvesting adult stem cells are bone marrow extraction, blood draw, and tissue fat extraction, referred to as liposuction. A woman’s womb is not used as a growing and multiplication environment of embryo cells; instead, embryo cells are multiplied in a laboratory If you want to be a donor for stem cells, you should be prepared to feel fatigued and sore for a few weeks because about ten percent of a donor’s bone marrow is extracted. When stem cells are being extracted from a donor’s bone marrow, the donor sedated so that the procedure can be painless.
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